What is a Learning Disability?
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Learning Disabilities refer to a number of disorders which may affect cognitive processes related to perceiving, thinking, remembering and/or learning. These may include language processing; phonological processing; visual spatial processing; processing speed; memory and attention; as well as planning and decision-making functions (Learning Disabilities of Canada’s link).
Signs of LD
Approximately 15% of the overall population are living with Learning Disabilities and Attention Deficit Disorders. However, how these disorders manifest themselves is as unique as the persons who have them. Children who have LD may exhibit some of the following signs.
Difficulty seeing the difference in size, shape and color
Difficulty rhyming words
Reversals in reading and writing
Skipping or substituting words when reading
Squints or complains of headaches and tiredness while reading or writing
Awkward pencil grip
Clumsiness and prone to accidents
Difficulty making the connection between letters and sounds
Poor visual-motor coordination
Poor organization and planning skills
Difficulty with instructions
Disorganized thinking patterns
Poor short term or long term memory
Difficulty expressing themselves verbally or in print/writing
Relies on memorization rather than understanding
Lags in developmental milestones (speech, motor coordination)
Please remember that one or more of these signs can be seen in children at some stage and/or age, but this can be typical of the development and should not be considered a sign of a learning disability.